Download kindle Del sentimiento trágico de la vida en los hombres y en los pueblosAuthor Miguel de Unamuno – Gsagency.co

. . . See below for English translation Pues abrigo cada vez m s la convicci n de que nuestra filosof a espa ola, est liquida y difusa en nuestra literatura, en nuestra vida, en nuestra acci n, en nuestra m stica, sobre todo, y no en sistemas filos ficos Es concreta. Cuando intento aprender un idioma, leo siempre a los fil sofos que han escrito en esa lenguaje, por dos razones Primero, porque me gusta la filosof a y segundo, porque el vocabulario de la filosof a especialmente en las lenguas romances es bastante similar, con muchas palabras con una ra z com n lat n y griego Y el fil sofo mas conocido de Espa a, menci n aparte de Ortega y Gasset, es Unamuno.Sin embargo, te aviso de que este libro no es filosof a sensu strictu Si lo tienes en cuenta desde el principio, te ahorrar s mucha frustraci n Unamuno no desarolla argumentos l gicos, ni crea un sistema consistente Este libro es, m s bien, una colecci n de ensayos, una obra de literatura, un grito de dolor y de alegr a, un tratado m stico, y finalmente un poema en prosa Unamuno no est intentando resolver ninguno de los problemas tradicionales de la filosof a este libro es una expresi n del la crisis de su vida.En su opini n, el problema central de la vida es la muerte El hecho de que cada hombre va a morir, y ninguno quieraNo quiero morirme, no, no quiero ni quiero quererlo quiero vivir siempre, siempre, y vivir yo este pobre yo que me soy e me siento ser ahora y aqu , y por esto me tortura el problema de la duraci n de mi alma, de la m a propia Por esta raz n tenemos el anhelo de inmortalidad Este anhelo es simplemente una expresi n de la vida, es decir, el anhelo de inmortalidad es la vida misma En contra de la vida est la raz n, que no puede creer en Dios ni en la inmortalidad Entonces, se nos abren tres opciones o nos sometemos a la raz n, o nos sometemos a la fe, o vivimos con una pelea entre ellas.Unamuno elige esto ltimo La vida deseable, en su opini n, es una vida de dolor, angustia, lucha, xtasis, y exasperaci n El individuo vale m s que el universo, el individual de carne y hueso que lo existe, y por eso no debemos someternos a algo abstracto, impersonal, ideal Unamuno no desea el cielo tradicional, donde no hay tiempo, y los beatos no tienen cuerpo ni identidad, sino que todo el mundo est n absorto en la visi n beatifica l quere una continuaci n infinita de esta vida, nuestra vida de carne y hueso, con toda nuestra esperanza e ilusi n, pero sin el miedo terrible a la muerte.Unamuno se considera a su mismo cat lico, pero su libro est lleno de herej as Tras la publicaci n de este libro, la Iglesia Cat lica lo a adi a la Index Librorum Prohibitorum Unamuno est , por ejemplo, en contra del escolasticismo de Santo Tom s de Aquino El Dios de los escol sticos no es Dios, solo su idea, esto es, una abstracci n est ril y vana Tienes que creer en Dios con tu coraz n, no con tu cabeza tienes que creer antes de saber, no saber antes de creer Se puede ver que Unamuno est influido por Pascal y su apuesta, y tambi n el existencialismo de Kierkegaard, a quien Unamuno llama hermano Aunque no soy cristiano y no creo en dios ni en la vida despu s de la muerte, admiro a Unamuno por su originalidad y su fe Filosof a no es, seg n l, una cosa intelectual ni abstracta, sino una expresi n de la vida inquieta y anhelada En sus palabras El mundo intelectual se divide en dos clases dilettantes de un lado y pedantes de otroSeguro que Unamuno fue un diletante, pero tambi n fue artista y, lo m s importante, un hombre sincero y ferviente Fue tambi n un escritor, un escritor magn fico Su prosa es viva y el ctrica Escribe como un m stico en trance o un profeta gritando en el desierto Por eso, si todo dem s no bastase, debes leer sus librosCu l es, pues, la nueva misi n de Don Quijote hoy en este mundo Clamar, clamar en el desierto Pero el desierto oye, aunque no oigan los hombres, y un d a se convertir en selva sonora, y esa voz solitaria que va posando en el desierto como semilla, dar un cedro gigantesco que con sus cien mil lenguas cantar un hosanna eterno al Se or de la vida y de la muerte. English view spoiler I am comingandto the conviction that our Spanish philosophy is liquid and diffuse in our literature, in our life, in our action, and above all in our mysticism, and not in philosophical systems It is concrete.Whenever I try to learn a language, I always read its philosophers, for two reasons First, because I like philosophy and second, because the vocabulary of philosophy especially in the Romance languages is quite similar, with many words sharing a common Latin or Greek root And the most well known Spanish philosopher, apart from Ortega y Gasset, is Unamuno.However, I must warn you that this book is not philosophy sensu strictu If you keep this in mind from the beginning, it will save you a lot of frustration Unamuno doesn t develope logical arguments, nor does he create a coherent system This book is, rather, a collection of essays, a work of literature, a cry of joy and pain, a mystical treatise, and, in the end, a poem in prose Unamuno wasn t trying to resolve any of the traditional problems of philosophy this book is an expression of the crisis of his life.In his opinion, the central problem of life is deathI don t want to die, no, I don t, nor do I want to want to die I want to live forever, forever, and live as the poor self that I am and that I feel myself here and now, and because of that I am tortured by the problem of the duration of my soul, of my own soul For this reason we have the desire for immortality This desire is simply an expression of life, that is to say, the desire is life itself Against life is reason, which cannot believe in God or immortality Thus we are left with three option submit to reason, submit to faith, or live with a constant battle between the two.Unamuno chose the last one The desirable life, in his opinion, is a life of pain, anguish, struggle, ecstasy, and exasperation The individual is worth than the universe, the individual of flesh and blood is all that exists, and for that reason we should not submit to anything impersonal, abstract, ideal Unamuno did not desire heaven as traditionally conceived, wherein there is no time, and the beatified have neither body nor identity, and everyone is absorbed in the beatific vision He wanted an infinite continuation of this life, our life of flesh and blood, with all our hopes and dreams, but without the terrible fear of death.Unamuno considered himself a Catholic, but his book is full of heresies After the publication of this book, the Catholic Church added it to the Index Librorum Prohibitorum Unamuno was, for example, against the scholasticism of Saint Thomas Aquinas The God of the scholastics is not God, only the idea of God, that is, a sterile and vain abstraction You have to believe in God with your heart, not your head you have to believe to know, not know to believe You can see that Unamuno was influenced by Pascal s Wager, as well as the existentialism of Kierkegaard, whom Unamuno calls brother Even though I am not a Christian and believe neither in God nor the afterlife, I admire Unamuno for his originality and his faith Philosophy was not, for him, an abstract and intellectual thing, but rather the expression of a restless and yearning life In his wordsThe intellectual world is divided into two classes dilettantes on the one side, and pedants on the otherUnamuno was certainly a dilettante, but he was also an artist, and, most importantly, a fervent and sincere man He was also a writer, a magnificent writer His prose is vivid and electric He wrote like a mystic in a trance, like a prophet screaming in the desert For that, if nothing else suffices, you should read his books What is the new mission of Don Quixote today in this world To cry out, to cry out in the desert But the desert hears, even though men do not, and one day it will become a jungle of sound, and this solitary voice will be planted in the desert as a seed, from which a gigantic cedar will grow with one hundred thousand languages singing an eternal hosanna to the Lord of life and death. hide spoiler To The Mentality That Assumes, Or Less Consciously, That We Must Of Necessity Find A Solution To Every Problem, Belongs The Argument Based On The Disastrous Consequences Of A Thing Take Any Book Of Apologetics That Is To Say, Of Theological Advocacy And You Will See How Many Times You Will Meet With This Phrase The Disastrous Consequences Of This Doctrine Now The Disastrous Consequences Of A Doctrine Prove At Most That The Doctrine Is Disastrous, But Not That It Is False, For There Is No Proof That The True Is Necessarily That Which Suits Us Best From The Rationalist Dissolution This Is The Masterpiece Of Miguel De Unamuno, A Member Of The Group Of Spanish Intellectuals And Philosophers Known As The Generation Of , And A Writer Whose Work Dramatically Influenced A Wide Range Of Th Century Literature His Down To Earth Demeanor And No Nonsense Outlook Makes ThisBook A Favorite Of Intellectuals To This Day, A Practical, Sensible Discussion Of The War Between Faith And Reason That Consumed The Twentieth Century And Continues To Rage In The Twenty First Century De Unamuno S Philosophy Is Not The Stuff Of A Rarefied Realm But An Integral Part Of Fleshly, Sensual Life, Metaphysics That Speaks To Daily Living And The Real World Spanish Philosopher MIGUEL DE UNAMUNO Was A Prolific Writer Of Essays, Novels, Poetry, And The Stage Plays His Books Include Peace In War, The Life Of Don Quixote And Sancho, And Abel Sanchez It was hard for me to decide on a rating for Tragic Sense of Life by Miguel de Unamuno For the many times I struggled to understand, was bored or intensely frustrated, I wanted to give it two stars But then, for the many times I felt like the text was singing, that I was intensely moved by Unamuno s cris de coeur about faith, despair, and hope, I wanted to give it five stars But settling on three seemed to betray both aspects of my reading experience so I went with the moments, pages, when I was deeply moved and excited, I decided on four stars Some experiences are hard to reduce to a number.Unamuno is writing of the his struggle with the knowledge of our inevitable death and how that drives some people to reason and others to faith He comes down on the side of those for whom the foolishness of the cross is the necessary refuge Some notes and quotes Our life is a hope that is continually converting itself into a memory and memory in turn begets hope The tragedy of life is death Death of our individual consciousness We are caught between not being able to imagine ceasing to be and not being able to imagine continuing or at least not without doubt A faith that is alive is also on the edge of despair similar to what Thomas Merton said We can t help but doubt but we are still pushed to believe We need hope to be happy so if all our desires are fulfilled in heaven, then happiness would be impossible.We need to believe in order to live even if it seems to us impossible to believe.According to Kierkegaard, faith is the crucifixion of reason The foolishness of the cross It is this contradiction that Unamuno says gives his life meaning and purpose Or it is the conflict.Ethics built on struggle with uncertainty.Problem of vocation or occupation Must give oneself wholly to one s work virtue like religion is the fruit of passion I liked this book best when I read itas a poem than as philosophy And it was in that way that I found the text most meaningful and beautiful. As someone who has never taken a philosophically course at university nor attempted even to study it systematically as an amateur, I am not well qualified to review Miguel de Unamuno s Tragic Sense of Life What is particularly serious is that I have never read anything by Kant who Unamuno refers to constantly I well then confine myself to making a few comments on the Nietzschean aspects of the work Tragic Sense of Life is very similar to the Birth of Tragedy in which Nietzsche argues that tragedy was invented by the Greeks to celebrate the fundamentally absurdity of life Fate perpetually makes victims of innocent men like Oedipus Hence theatrical genre of tragedy is needed to portray the heroes who are treated unjustly Unamuno s model is very similar There is no scientific proof of God s existence and the rational or philosophical ones are highly defective However, we are determined to believe in God because God offers the only means by which we can be immortal We need Christ because his resurrection demonstrates that we will survive as individuals not simply as part of some amorphous, eternal force The tragedy of the problem is that we as human beings are by nature skeptical Hence we can never be sure that we so desperately wish to be true i.e our personal immortality To my mind Unamuno has simply provided an additional proof for Nietszche s contention that man s condition is absurd.The Birth of Tragedy and the Tragic Sense of Life are also similar in that both works conclude with a lengthy section in which the author argues the case for case of a national artistic figure Nietzsche argues that the operas of Wagner mark the return of the Greek tragic genre in the purest form Unamuno contends that Cervante s Don Quixote is the ultimate hero of man caught in a fundamentally tragic or absurd situation in that Don Quixote simply laughs at the absurdity of his dreams and serenely charges his windmills.Unamuno s book is full of bonbons For someone familiar with Cervantes and Nietzsche, it will be a joy to read. 12 . . .