[PDF / Epub] ⚣ Faust. Eine Tragödie ✈ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Gsagency.co

Faust by Goethe was the very first book apart from textbooks, of course I ever put my hands on It was assigned to me when I was in middle school for my Spanish class I know it s a German play, but the teacher was encouraging us to read by asking the whole classroom to donate a book for the course, put it in a box with the others and then randomly pick up one of them each month now that I think of it, the teacher should have payed attention to the books we brought, since I don t think Faust was appropriate for a twelve year old I chose, however, this play by Goethe, having no idea what it was about And, well, I remained so for twelve years , since I never read than ten pages perhaps, until four days ago that I finally got a copy of it Unlike many readers I know, I didn t acquire my taste for literature and reading from an early age I didn t grew up reading stories and I didn t ever feel like I was immersed in a magic world of fantastic creatures and rainbows what some people claim literature is about Instead, I got interested in such delightful activities for two main reasons One of them was that I was a Radiohead fan in high school and there s this song based on Orwell s 1984, but I was told that it was based on Animal Farm false , so I thought it would be a good idea to read it The other reason is that by this same time I took a philosophy course and I remember I was so amazed by Plato s allegory of the cave that I finally decided I wanted to know about life, and I thought books had the answers of the many questions I asked myself and everything I wanted to know that within their pages I was going to find the answer Now that I ve read a little bit , I ve come to realize that literature is such a passionate and sublime art indeed, but it hardly provides answers and it actually makes you question and which is great, don t get me wrong, for it makes you try harder to think for yourself but I d say one answer makes two questions In this everlasting search for meaning I found myself in Dr Heinrich Faust, the main character in this poetic play Even though, unlike him, I haven t studied philosophy, medicine and theology with ardent zeal, I do feel like a wretched fool I think Goethe s point was to make an emphasis in this lack of something in human understanding and that no matter how hard we try there ll be always something greater than us that we won t be able to understand with our minds designed for only three dimensions, like Ivan Karamazov said It s important to take into consideration the fact that Goethe did believe in God, that for him, God was this higher being that begot mankind but he was not in favor of the way the Church was organized and both, believes and disbelieves are brought up to discussion throughout the whole play He believed, for instance, that God made the Universe perfect and so did the Angels believed but that s when Mephistopheles, the fallen angel, enters the scene, asking for permission to say a word He says the Universe isn t perfect since Man still feels miserable Then he makes a wager with God upon Faust s soul, with arguments based on the book of Job, that is, that if Faust s life is changed by blow after blow of tragedy, he would stop being God s faithful son, though unlike the Biblical character, who at the end realises about God s highness, in this play Faust seems to be and miserable Also, there s the fact that in Job the fallen angel didn t exactly hang out with him, like Mephisto did with Faust Thus, when the man s life comes to an end, he on whose side Faust is, will keep his soul Therefore, there are many converging points in both books, but they differ from each other.So Faust is a very learned man who has studied everything that ever existed, and yet he still feels he s missing something about existence, something that isn t written down in those books and that perhaps cannot be put to words He even struggles while trying to translate the word logos in the Gospel of LukeIn the beginning was the Word. He wonders whether it was the deed instead of the word, because he feels that words, literacy, do not lit his soul the way perhaps a passionate deed would He then expresses the words that have become famous because of their depth and their importance in this workTwo souls, alas, dwell in my breast, each seeks to rule without the otherThus, he begins to look beyond theories and tries something new magic and alchemy I don t want to get into specific details about the plot, but there s a point when he summons the Earth Spirit, something that according to some sources, was Goethe s own contribution to his supernatural play, being no former record of such a spirit either in Christianity or in pagan mythology I think for Goethe, the Earth Spirit represented an instance of God, like when Moses saw the brush burned in fire And it s the Spirit who lowers this learned man to his human condition, making him aware of his delimited understanding Faust, however, persists and trying to prove his godliness, he tries to commit suicide, when suddenly the the church bells ring and an angelic choir from above is heard, announcing Christ s resurrection Later in the play, Faust finds a lost poodle and takes it home, when suddenly the animal reshapes into Mephistopheles, who unlike the Earth Spirit, makes the doctor believe he can achieve anything if he stays with him and serves him when his soul leaves his body to which Faust answers that little does he care for the afterlife when all he wants is to actually feel he s living this life The agreement is settled with bloodGray, my friend, is every theory,and green alone life s golden treeThen at a witch s place, Faust sees a beautiful woman in the mirror and he asks Mephisto to grant him the wish of possessing so beautiful a woman and after some mumbo jumbo by the witch, he takes a potion of sorts to achieve his passionate goals Then he meets Gretchen, also known as Margaret, and that s what Faust s misery gets worse and even worse for Gretchen, who before meeting Faust and his horrid companion was such a pure creature that at first Mephisto does not think he can get her Eventually Gretchen is persuaded by Faust enchantments of course, gotten by such a supernatural aid but as her passion towards Faust increases, misfortune falls upon her family, until the final disgrace comes, before which Faust is ushered by Mephisto to the Walpurus Night an exotic event hosted by witches and having paganism as entertainment I guess it s like the Super Bowl for witches Later, we find out that during this exotic and frightful evening, Gretchen lost her mind after his brother, murder by Faust s evil companion, called her a whore in his last adieu, so she drowns her baby, is taken to prison and given a death sentence Faust blames Mephistopheles for distracting him at the Walpurus Night instead of taking him to save Gretchen This is when I realised Goethe used Mephisto to point out the flaws of our minds, sometimes in earnest, sometimes in jest, like people s tendency to blame external, sometimes supernatural causes for their mistakes Gretchen s given the chance to scape prison helped by her lover and his friend, but instead of going evil ways, she chooses what would seem as tragedy and condemnation to some, like Mephistopheles, but under the gaze of the Heavenly, she s saved, leaving an open door for Faust to go the same way and make the right decision I m afraid Goethe wrote the second part until the last year of his life The redirection of Margarete s path was perhaps inevitable once she entered Faust s toxic influence, but in the end she had the chance to choose either condemnation or salvation, and perhaps that s Goethe s main point to remark virtue through iniquity It works similarly, perhaps, as Milton did in his Paradise Lost. As a matter of fact, like the latter took the epic poems as notary influence, Shakespeare had the same kind of impact with the author of Faust nonetheless, his gift and his technique stand on their own.This is a must read classic and it is one of those books I call a literary delight But all the subjects I ve tried perhaps unsuccessfully to expose in this review are precisely the reasons why I don t think Faust is a good choice for a twelve year old beginner Not because of its difficulty, but I think as one grows older one has a better chance of appreciating Goethe s perfectly constructed verses, of having a different perspective upon all the sorrowful, theological, obscure and erotic points by him exposed It s frightening yet beautiful it s heavenly yet humane it s a play and a poem I m not as learned as Doctor Faust, but I think I found in reading this book the kind of fervor he was looking forI awake with horror in the morning,and bitter tears well up in mewhen I must face each day that in its coursecannot fulfill a single wish, not oneFaust and the Earth Spirit Illustrated by Goethe himself. Preface NotesChronologyIntroductionTranslator s NoteThe Writing of Faust Further Reading Faust, Part I Notes Popular Ebook, Faust Eine Trag Die By Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe This Is Very Good And Becomes The Main Topic To Read, The Readers Are Very Takjup And Always Take Inspiration From The Contents Of The Book Faust Eine Trag Die, Essay By Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe Is Now On Our Website And You Can Download It By Register What Are You Waiting For Please Read And Make A Refission For You I read Johann Goethe s Faust in English and partially in German during a college course many years ago It had a huge impact on me as a person and me as a writer Due to it being somewhat out there, I held back a full 5 rating however, I cannot stress how much this book makes you think Beware, it s a little heavy on the literary side, but it s still worth a read, even if you just read the first portion That said, 4 out of 5 starsDetailed Reviewabout 1 3 of a paper I wrote about it a few years ago When I first picked up Goethe s famous masterpiece Faust, I was hesitant about reading it I read Goethe s work while lying on my bed a few hours before I went to sleep My room was quiet because everyone else was already asleep I was able to read and consciously take in the contents of the work I generally don t like to be told what literature to read however, after reading through the Prologue in Heaven, I was intrigued by the plot of Faust As I began reading the first part, I was a bit disturbed by the fact that it was not in prose, but that it was in poetical verse I have never been a great fan of poetry as a genre of literature Thus I had mixed feelings when it came to reading Goethe s famous literary work Faust from the beginning.I wanted to learn something from the story, as I do from all literature Authors don t just write for no reason they wish to accomplish something I then strove to understand the reasons for the literary work s existence When I skimmed Faust for the first time, I tried to read it for pleasure, but it was a little too hard I needed to stop and understand what as going on in each scene However, I soon realized that I was able to place myself inside the text in several different ways It was at this point that Faust actually appealed to me I saw myself in the novel as the character of Faust, fighting against the devilish Mephistopheles I have always struggled with wanting everything from material things to the admiration of others As a man of flesh and blood, I naturally want great intelligence, power and love I have always wanted to be number one a perfectionist just like Faust.So, while I was reading Faust, I was truly reading a biography of my own life, albeit on a much larger scale I too have lost some faith in my religion, and I wonder if I will be saved however, unlike Faust, at the time I read it, I had yet to want someone as much as he wanted Margaret Gretchen Maybe if I were under the devil s spells like Faust was, I would have fallen just as hard for the woman I do have the addictive personality that would lead me in the same direction as Faust With all of this in mind, I read through the novel as though I were Faust I took on his persona, argued with Mephistopheles, and wished that I had never been born in the end of the work It is not easy to live a life completely free from the clutches of evil When you are hopeless and in despair, you need help Often, humans are not strong enough to recognize from whom they are getting help Faust enabled me to foresee what would happen to me if I were subject to the devil s influence.Faust is a man worthy of my admiration All throughout the book, both Faust and the actions he sought fascinated me Like I said before, I felt as though I was reading or watching a movie of my own life It was as though a dream had come true where I was able to align myself with the devil The fears that I have in reality weren t present enough in my dreams to stop myself from associating with some Mephistophelean devil I was able to see what would happen if I took on the persona of evil incarnate turned into man Faust enabled me to have an out of body experience where I could see what would happen to me if I became what I have always been curious about becoming A devil influenced man.Throughout the work of Faust by Goethe, I was able to live experiences vicariously Faust enabled me to try things that I only dreamed about trying I really felt as though I were reading a novel about myself I think that this is why the Faustian theme has persisted throughout time men and women everywhere have struggled within themselves fighting between good and evil to achieve their goals and desires I am no differentAbout MeFor those new to me or my reviews here s the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you ll also find TV Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I ve visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who what when where and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by Note All written content is my original creation and copyrighted to me, but the graphics and images were linked from other sites and belong to them Many thanks to their original creators. If you re into stuff like this, you can read the full review.To Plug the Mighty Hole Withal Faust First Part by Goethe original review, 2004 I m planning on spending a few weeks on Goethe s Faust in multiple translations and as much of the German as I can manage, supplemented by hundreds of pages of notes and commentary.I first read the book while in high school in the totally un annotated Bayard Taylor translation from Modern Library one of the texts I m currently reading I m still pretty fond of Taylor s version with some exceptions generally preferring him to Walter Arndt in the Norton Critical Edition Taylor s a relatively local boy born in Kenneth Square, PA where the town library carries his name. A summary Faust I WANT TO EXPERIENCE EVERY HUMAN EMOTION,I WANT TO GAIN THE KNOWLEDGE OF ALL FOUR ELEMENTS,I WANT TO FEEL THE PLEASURES OF THIS WORLD MephistophelesYeah,sure thing bro,but before you do that I want to take you to this weird pub,hook you up with a minor whom you ll knock up make you attend a completely pointless annual witch ball.Sounds good FaustYou had me at hook up with a minor ,bro. Dear friend, all theory is gray, and green the golden tree of life.What else to say Towering as an archetype, akin to Hamlet, the Inferno and White Whale this tale of pact has been absorbed into a our cultural bones, like an isotope It is telling to consider that I listened to Tavener while reading this I recently gave Pandora a spin but found that I owned Schnittke than was afforded by my station but if I leave such, will I miss those Penn Station ads I will say that I should ve read my Norton critical edition, well actually, my wife s copy the one I bought for her in Columbus, Ohio ten years ago I went with a standard Penguin copy and I m sure many of the historic references were lost for me No one should consider that I regard Faust as emblematic of power politics in the US or a possible Brexit across the water I m too feeble for such extrapolation. There s something discomforting about the vague moral convictions of Goethe s Faust character One would assume, that even a scholar living in Goethe s time would find the typical preoccupations of Christian morality somewhat boring, if not basically delusional and overzealous After all, the cacophony of self doubt racing through his mind is not initially brought on by anything that resembles religious guilt He s a man plagued by the hermetic stuffiness of a lifestyle of perpetual deep thought All of his forced questions about the complexity of the universe have not been adequately revealed to him in the immense amount of reading and study that he has undertaken throughout the course of his life Something is missing In the opening soliloquy he desperately gropes out loud in an attempt to locate the source of his emptiness He intones What theatre Oh, but nothing.Where can I grasp you, never ending Nature Breasts, where You founts of all of life,That earth and heaven hang upon loveAnd where the parched soul craves to be,You flow, you give to drink, but not to me Of course, much of this monologue does hint at the power that God might potentially have to grant this wish, but Goethe is ambiguous at best In the beginning it s difficult to tell whether Faust harbors any faith in God The question of God s abilities and or existence is a concern of Faust s, but his frustrations and lamentations seem bestial and secular in tone Faust desires some sort of ineffable experience he desires a base inflammation of the senses, most importantly of his own passion for life It could be argued that Mephistopheles appears essentially because Faust desires to lose himself in sublime sinfulness God might only show up to suggest that his mortal frustrations and complex questions can in fact be answered, but only by one book More importantly, if it were for the grace of God s true presence in Faust s existence, his questions would abate under the reverent awe of his own faith It s obviously not there.It s at this point that Mephistopheles appears, offering what any average mortal would desire in the throes of their own suffering, brought on by an overwhelming abundance of probing, difficult questions namely the earthly pleasures of amorous love To be clear, Gretchen s character is offered to Faust to appease the longings of his heart than that of his loins Having the position and immortal power that Mephistopheles does, he understands that Faust will be than willing to accept his wager But, as most critics suggest, Mephistopheles also knows that a character such as Faust, despite not really being a man of faith, will ruin such an immediate route to happiness Naturally, Gretchen detects the way in which this internal struggle of Faust s causes him to be so distant Not only that, but she distrusts Mephistopheles, and is committed to God There is a clunky and somewhat fragmented quality to the way that Goethe presents many of the difficult concerns of Faust and his wager with Mephistopheles Initially, he is so troubled, merely by the thought that all of his worldly academic efforts are made in vain His frustration with the futility of his effort to enlighten himself and to better understand the beautiful complexity of the world, reaches a sort of peak, at which point he loses faith in virtually everything At first amused by the idea of the very appearance of Mephistopheles, he s eventually perplexed by how effortlessly he can access the very happiness which he could hardly even give a name to Is he, in this sense, troubled once again by the knowledge that he possesses, the knowledge of the disappointing outcome of his temporary pleasures One could almost draw a parallel to Nietzsche s description of the existential frustration that cripples Shakespeare s Hamlet from acting on his anger due to the knowledge that he has of the awful situation occurring around him.To an atheist, especially an academic one, virtually all of this might sound a little silly The reality of the situation is that Mephistopheles is actually quite fun As he says in response to Faust s question of who Mephistopheles is, A part of the power who wills evil always but always works the good He perplexes Faust by presenting himself as a merely a part of a duality that constitutes peoples paradoxical understanding of the wholeness of God This might sound confusing to some, but what he s doing is mockingly suggesting to Faust that his attachment to traditional notions of sin and goodliness is ridiculous Toward the end, Faust ignorantly insists that the wager is destined to end in despair and disappointment Mephistopheles, already aware of how seemingly full of disappointment most mortal situations might appeal to human beings, basically has a little fun with Faust s misguided convictions of goodness So then is this a tragedy Toward the end of the first part of Goethe s morally confusing masterpiece, it becomes increasingly difficult to believe that there is anything tragic about the fate of Faust. This is not a review.I cannot attempt to write a review of Goethe s Faust It is a much too personal experience, growing with each time I reread it Since high school, I have been thinking at least five times This is the perfect Goethe moment, his work is written for ME, NOW, it can t get any better, deeper, or any satisfying Well, apparently it can After maybe three or four years, I picked up Faust again, and found that I had finally grown up enough to identify with his most famous quote, the one I had reverently learned by heart as a student.Banging my head against the wall today while marking papers, trying to figure out how to explain the developments in the world to my own children and the adolescents I am in charge of, I looked up and literally felt Mephisto s presence in the room Unable to get rid of the feeling, I looked at my shelf with my all time favourites, picked up my Faust, with its almost broken spine, and opened it to read my own life the struggle to find answers, the longing for knowledge and understanding, the futile hope that my teaching will make a difference, and the creepy, scary thought that it might all be meaningless, because the majority of our planet is sold, body and soul, to devilish shallowness and indifference It almost sets my heart burning Now here I am, a fool for sure No wiser than I was before Master, Doctor s what they call me, And I ve been ten years, already,Crosswise, arcing, to and fro,Leading my students by the nose,And see that we can know nothing It almost sets my heart burning Da steh ich nun, ich armer Tor Und bin so klug als wie zuvor Hei e Magister, hei e Doktor garUnd ziehe schon an die zehen JahrHerauf, herab und quer und krummMeine Sch ler an der Nase herum Und sehe, da wir nichts wissen k nnen Das will mir schier das Herz verbrennen As hopeless as the message and the rest of the Faust plot is, it gave me solace to share this moment, yet again, with the master of masters, Goethe.Now here I am, a fool for sure First impression Goethe could write his tuckus off Rarely have I encountered prose that commingles in such bounty the trifecta of being, at once, gorgeous to the eye, imbued with passion and saturated with depth and meaning Faust has all three and I was pulled into the seductive narrative from the momentous opening wonderfully titled Prologue from Heaven through the final dramatic climax I must briefly pause here to add a qualifier to my comments which relate to the version I experienced and not to my enjoyment of it. Audible.com, usually a professional, high quality purveyor pulled a bit of a bamboozle on me in this case I acquired the unabridged reading by full cast which came in at 4 hours in length Now, that is just about right for Part 1 of Faust and so I thought I was in for a treat as I listened along with my own copy of the novel Turns out, much to my chagrin, that the 4 hours was an adaptation of both Parts 1 and 2 Thus, as wonderful as the experience was, I did not get a chance to absorb all of the detail and nuances of the story.I plan to read the complete Faust Parts 1 and 2 in the future and will share my thoughts on the work as a whole at that time End sad story pause So God, like a lonely parent maybe in need of a hug, allows Satan to throw a temptation Faust s way to prove that the man is still of the flock in a scaled down, boil free, version of the Book of Job As my introductory quote illustrates, Faust is a brilliant scholar who has completed a study of all the world s knowledge and I thought I read a lot and yet feels no wiser for the accomplishment Feeling that there is to existence than rote knowledge of the past which echoes Goethe s own belief in the primacy of emotion over reason Faust longs for deeper meaning and understanding that is hidden from him He becomes depressed and contemplating suicide Goethe s non subtle hint that Faust s faith is than a tad shaky allow the Devil access to him.Faust is visited by Mephistopheles and offered a life of hedonistic excess and earthly pleasures as a means of gaining greater understanding of the universe Faust, who apparently had never watched any episodes of The Twilight Zone, foolishly agrees and bargains away his soul Faust will die and the Devil will win if Faust can ever be made to be content with a moment in his lifeIf ever I lie down in sloth and base inaction, Then let that moment be my end If by your false cajolery You lull me into self sufficiency, If any pleasure you can give Deludes me, let me cease to live I offer you this wagerFrom here the two take flight literary on a world wind tour of debauchery and debaucheryLet s plunge ourselves into the roar of time, the whirl of accident may pain and pleasure, success and failure, shift as they will it s only action that can make a man Soon after this, we are introduced to Gretchen, the other main player in this tragedy, whose relationship with Faust will explore key issues of faith and redemption It was this relationship that I thought received the shortest shrift in the adaptation that I listened to so I will leave further thoughts on this until I have experienced the complete work The language is gorgeous and drips emotion on almost every line Some might think this falls too far into the realm of melodrama, but I loved it and found it vigorous and passionate The end is wonderful with the necessary questions answered but certain larger queries left for us to contemplate A wonderful experience abridged though it may have been and one that I strongly encourage everyone to read 4.0 stars HIGHLY RECOMMENDED P.S I didn t have a place to slide this into my review, but I wanted to share one last quote from the story, this one from the devil He and Faust have begun their tour of vice and come across a coven of witches who don t recognize the Prince of LiesDo you know me now Skinny, cadaverous bitch, do you know your lord and master Why don t I Smash you to pieces, tell me why, You and your ape familiars Must I teach You some respect for my red doublet What Is this cock s feather, eh My face have I been hiding it You learn your place, Old hag Am I to name myself or notGood, good stuff.